Ne loupez pas l’avant-dernier décollage de la navette spatiale américaine !

La navette spatiale américaine est en train de tirer sa révérence. L’avant dernier décollage, qui sera effectué par Endeavour lors de la mission STS-134, aura lieu le 16 mai prochain. Le lancement devait avoir lieu le 29 avril, mais a été reporté en raison d’un problème technique (il faut rappeler que ces navettes, malgré plus de 130 missions, restent des prototypes expérimentaux – d’où des coûts de fonctionnements élevés et de nombreux aléas). La mission devrait durer une quinzaine de jours pour un retour prévu le 30 mai. La navette transportera deux nouveaux éléments de l’ISS pour réaliser des expériences.

Vous pourrez suivre le lancement (et normalement l’atterrissage 15 jours plus tard) en direct depuis cette page. Le lancement est donc prévu le 16 mai 2011 à 12h56 UTC, soit 14h56 local en France.

Décollage de la mission STS-133 (Discovery)
Décollage de la mission STS-133 (Discovery) - Source Airliners.net

Je vous donne ensuite rendez-vous pour l’ultime lancement de navette spatiale américaine, la mission STS-135, qui devrais être assuré par Atlantis aux alentours du 28 juin 2011. A partir de cette date, la Russie deviendra la seule nation au monde disposant d’un véhicule spatial capable d’emporter et de ramener des hommes à bord de la Station Spatiale Internationale (ISS), grâce aux capsules Soyouz.

Mesure particulière, durant les périodes de lancement, des NOTAM sont déposés pour fermer l’espace aérien au dessus de Cap Canaveral (voir la deuxième partie de ce billet), logique. Une zone de 30 NM centrée sur la zone de lancement est totalement prohibée, et une seconde est un peu plus perméable. La zone restreinte donne ceci :

La "No Fly Zone" de la navette spatiale sur une carte de nav "Sectional Chart" américaine
La "No Fly Zone" de la navette spatiale sur une carte de nav "Sectional Chart" américaine

PS : Pour les curieux, voici les NOTAM qui ont étés déposés pour fermer l’espace aérien au dessus de Cape Canaveral :

FDC 1/2129 – PART 1 OF 5 FL.. FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS CAPE CANAVERAL, FL.
MAY 16, 2011 LOCAL. PURSUANT TO 49 USC 40103(B), THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION (FAA) CLASSIFIES THE AIRSPACE DEFINED IN THIS NOTAM AS ‘NATIONAL DEFENSE AIRSPACE’. PILOTS WHO DO NOT ADHERE TO THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURES MAY BE INTERCEPTED, DETAINED AND INTERVIEWED BY LAW ENFORCEMENT/SECURITY PERSONNEL. ANY OF THE FOLLOWING ADDITIONAL ACTIONS MAY ALSO BE TAKEN AGAINST A PILOT WHO DOES NOT COMPLY WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OR ANY SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS OR PROCEDURES ANNOUNCED IN THIS NOTAM:
A) THE FAA MAY TAKE ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION, INCLUDING IMPOSING CIVIL PENALTIES AND THE SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF AIRMEN CERTIFICATES; OR
B) THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MAY PURSUE CRIMINAL CHARGES, INCLUDING CHARGES UNDER TITLE 49 OF THE UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 46307; OR
C) THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MAY USE DEADLY FORCE AGAINST THE AIRBORNE AIRCRAFT, IF IT IS DETERMINED THAT THE AIRCRAFT POSES AN IMMINENT SECURITY THREAT.
PURSUANT TO TITLE 14 CFR SECTION 99.7, SPECIAL SECURITY INSTRUCTIONS, ALL AIRCRAFT FLIGHT OPERATIONS ARE PROHIBITED
END PART 1 OF 5. WIE UNTIL UFN. CREATED: 11 MAY 21:14 2011

FDC 1/2129 – PART 2 OF 5 FL.. FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS CAPE CANAVERAL, FL.
WITHIN A 40 NMR OF 283700N/0803700W OR THE MLB004030.6 UP TO BUT NOT INCLUDING 18000 FT MSL
EFFECTIVE 1105160556 UTC (0156 LOCAL 05/16/11) UNTIL 1105161335 UTC (0935 LOCAL 05/16/11).
WITHIN A 30 NMR OF 283700N/0803700W OR THE MLB004030.6 UP TO BUT NOT INCLUDING 18000 FT MSL
EFFECTIVE 1105160556 UTC (0156 LOCAL 05/16/11) UNTIL 1105161335 UTC (0935 LOCAL 05/16/11).
EXCEPT AS SPECIFIED BELOW AND/OR UNLESS AUTHORIZEDBY ATC:
A. ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS WITHIN A 30 NMR AREA
LISTED ABOVE ARE PROHIBITED EXCEPT FOR:
1. MILITARY AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ASSOCIATED WITH CAPE CANAVERAL OPERATIONS, RESCUE/RECOVERY, MEDICAL/LIFEGUARD, EMERGENCY EVACUATION, LAW ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND FIRE FIGHTING OPERATIONS WHICH ARE PERMITTED ONLY WITH PRIOR APPROVAL FROM THE APPROPRIATE ATC FACILITY. ALSO,
END PART 2 OF 5. WIE UNTIL UFN. CREATED: 11 MAY 21:14 2011

FDC 1/2129 – PART 3 OF 5 FL.. FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS CAPE CANAVERAL, FL.
IFR REGULARLY SCHEDULED COMMERCIAL PASSENGER AND ALL-CARGO CARRIERS OPERATING UNDER ONE OF THE FOLLOWING TSA-APPROVED STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAMS/PROCEDURES: AIRCRAFT OPERATOR STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAM (AOSSP), FULL ALL-CARGO STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAM (FACSSP), MODEL SECURITY PROGRAM (MSP), TWELVE FIVE STANDARD SECURITY PROGRAM (TFSSP) ALL CARGO, OR ALL-CARGO INTERNATIONAL SECURITY PROCEDURE (ACISP) AND ARE ARRIVING INTO AND/OR DEPARTING FROM 14 CFR PART 139 AIRPORTS ARE AUTHORIZED TRANSIT WITH ATC APPROVAL.
B. FLIGHT OPERATIONS WITHIN THE AIRSPACE BETWEEN THE 30 NMR AND 40 NMR LISTED ABOVE ARE PERMITTED ONLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE FOLLOWING PROCEDURES:
1. ALL AIRCRAFT ENTERING OR EXITING THE 40 NM RADIUS TFR MUST BE ON AN ACTIVE IFR OR VFR FLIGHT PLAN WITH A DISCRETE CODE ASSIGNED BY AN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL (ATC) FACILITY. AIRCRAFT MUST BE SQUAWKING THE DISCRETE CODE PRIOR TO DEPARTURE AND ALL TIMES WHILE IN THE TFR.
END PART 3 OF 5. WIE UNTIL UFN. CREATED: 11 MAY 21:14 2011

FDC 1/2129 – PART 4 OF 5 FL.. FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS CAPE CANAVERAL, FL.
2. ALL AIRCRAFT ENTERING OR EXITING THE 40 NM RADIUS TFR MUST REMAIN IN TWO-WAY RADIO COMMUNICATIONS WITH ATC.
3. ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATING WITHIN THE 30 TO 40 NM RADIUS TFR AND OPERATING AT ALTITUDES OF UP TO BUT NOT INCLUDING 18000 FT MSL ARE LIMITED TO AIRCRAFT ARRIVING OR DEPARTING LOCAL AIRFIELDS. ATC MAY AUTHORIZE TRANSIT OPERATIONS. AIRCRAFT MAY NOT LOITER.
4. ALL VFR AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS WITHIN THE 30 TO 40 NM RADIUS TFR ARE RESTRICTED TO AN INDICATED AIRSPEED OF 180 KNOTS OR LESS, IF CAPABLE. IF UNABLE THE PILOT MUST CONTACT THE APPROPRIATE ATC FACILITY AND ADVISE THEM OF THE AIRCRAFT’S OPERATIONAL LIMITATIONS.
C. THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED WITHIN THIS TFR: FLIGHT TRAINING, PRACTICE INSTRUMENT APPROACHES, AEROBATIC FLIGHT, GLIDER OPERATIONS, PARACHUTE OPERATIONS, ULTRALIGHT, HANG GLIDING, BALLOON OPERATIONS, AGRICULTURE/CROP
END PART 4 OF 5. WIE UNTIL UFN. CREATED: 11 MAY 21:14 2011

FDC 1/2129 – PART 5 OF 5 FL.. FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS CAPE CANAVERAL, FL.
DUSTING, ANIMAL POPULATION CONTROL FLIGHT OPERATIONS, BANNER TOWING OPERATIONS, MODEL AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS, MODEL ROCKETRY, AND UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS (UAS).
D. IN THE EVENT THAT SPACE SHUTTLE LAUNCH IS POSTPONED, PILOTS SHOULD CHECK NOTAMS FOR NEXT DAY LAUNCH AND APPLICABLE FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS.
E. THE 1ST RANGE OPERATION SQUADRON, /45 SPACE WING/, TELEPHONE 321-476-2192, IS IN CHARGE OF THE OPERATION.
END PART 5 OF 5. WIE UNTIL UFN. CREATED: 11 MAY 21:14 2011

Source de la photo de cet article : Airliners.net

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